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IMP Manual  develop.5651aa123e,2024/07/23
Exporting C++ code to Python

IMP uses SWIG to wrap code C++ code and export it to Python. Since SWIG is relatively complicated, we provide a number of helper macros and an example file (see modules/example/pyext/swig.i-in). The key bits are

  • the information goes into a file called swig.i-in in the module pyext directory
  • the first part should be one IMP_SWIG_VALUE(), IMP_SWIG_OBJECT() or IMP_SWIG_DECORATOR() line per value type, object type or decorator object the module exports to Python. Each of these lines looks like
    IMP_SWIG_VALUE(IMP::module_namespace, ClassName, ClassNames);
  • then there should be a number of %include lines, one per header file in the module which exports a class or function to Python. The header files must be in order such that no class is used before a declaration for it is encountered (SWIG does not do recursive inclusion)
  • finally, any templates that are to be exported to SWIG must have a %template call. It should look something like
    namespace IMP {
      namespace module_namespace {
         %template(PythonName) CPPName<Restraint, 3>;